6 Tips For Adhering To Singapore's Transfer Pricing Guidelines

When it comes to transfer pricing (TP), adhering to TP guidelines is imperative for multinational enterprises operating in Singapore. The Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) has laid down stringent regulations, making it crucial for businesses to stay compliant and avoid penalties.

Here are six invaluable tips to ensure your business adheres to Singapore’s Transfer Pricing Guidelines effectively.

1. Stay contemporaneous

One of the fundamental aspects of compliance with Singapore’s TP regulations is the preparation of contemporaneous TP documentation. This means documenting intercompany transactions in a manner that reflects independent pricing and demonstrates that these transactions are conducted at arm’s length. It’s not just about preparing the documentation; it must be completed and dated no later than the tax filing deadline. For the Year of Assessment 2023, the deadline stands at 30th November. Being timely and meticulous in your documentation is your first line of defence against potential challenges from the IRAS.

2. Comprehensive documentation is key

Compliance goes beyond mere documentation; it’s about the quality and comprehensiveness of the information you provide. Ensure that your TP documentation includes group-level information, outlining your business operations globally and their relevance to Singapore. At the entity level, provide a detailed account of your business operations and intercompany transactions. Functional analyses describing functions performed, assets used, and risks assumed by each party are crucial. Economic analyses, including benchmarking studies, should support the transfer prices applied. Non-compliance or missing any of these details might invite penalties of up to S$10,000 per offence.

3. Different thresholds for intercompany transactions according to guidelines

Different thresholds apply depending on which type of intercompany transactions for e.g. sales of goods or provision of services like management fees or royalties has its own threshold limit to meet before it is required to perform transfer pricing on these transactions. The guidelines for transfer pricing in Singapore address a broad range of businesses from manufacturing, trading, services industries to e-commerce digital transactions between multinational enterprise groups.

It is vital for businesses falling under these categories to evaluate their transactions based on the guidelines provided. Align your business practices with the principles outlined in the IRAS e-Tax Guide Singapore Transfer Pricing Guidelines (Sixth Edition) to ensure compliance.

4. Understand intercompany loan requirements

Companies lend to related entities for working capital reasons and it is important to note that such intercompany loans pose a unique challenge when the interest rate charged is below market rates if one were to borrow from an external lender like a financial institution. For intercompany loans, an interest deduction restriction might be imposed if the lender isn’t primarily in the business of borrowing and lending. On the other hand, other intercompany loans are expected to adhere to arm’s length interest rates. It is crucial to understand these requirements fully. Additionally, interest-free intercompany loans are strictly prohibited by IRAS and are not considered at arm’s length.

5. Proactively address TP adjustments

Businesses often make year-end adjustments for tax purposes, which might differ from their actual results. If these adjustments are documented and reflected in tax returns before the filing deadline, they can be accepted by the IRAS without incurring the 5% surcharge. Furthermore, periodic financial reviews and self-initiated retrospective adjustments for past financial years can also be made, provided they are done within the fiscal year. However, be cautious, as retrospective downward adjustments are typically disallowed unless due to an error or mistake.

6. Prepare for TP audits

The IRAS conducts TP audits based on various risk indicators, including the quantum of intercompany transactions and financial performance. Businesses should be prepared for these audits, ensuring that they understand the TP audit process. Maintaining robust, contemporaneous TP documentation is vital in this regard. The shift from “TP Consultation” to “TP Audit” in the latest edition of Singapore’s TP guidelines indicates a potentially more stringent approach. Businesses should stay ahead by maintaining impeccable records and being ready to demonstrate compliance during audits.


Adherence to Singapore’s Transfer Pricing Guidelines is not just a legal requirement but a strategic imperative. Failing to comply can result in substantial financial penalties. Embracing these tips not only ensures compliance but also fosters a transparent and trustworthy business environment, allowing enterprises to thrive in Singapore’s competitive market. 

Max Lewis provides various services, from GST-Assisted Self-Help Kit reviews to employee shares option plans in Singapore. We are proud recipients of highly acclaimed awards, such as the Best Transfer Pricing Advisory Specialists – Singapore award at the APAC Insider Southeast Asia Business Awards 2022. We are also a proud recipient of the Best Transfer Pricing Consultancy Firm of the Year award at the Corporate LiveWire Global Awards. Contact us now to explore the wide range of services we offer.

*The above represents our opinions and views and does not necessarily reflect the position of any entities mentioned.