Understanding Penalties For TP Documentation Non-Compliance

Amidst an increasingly globalised business landscape, multinational enterprises (MNEs) are engaging in cross-border transactions more than ever before. As a result, the importance of accurate and transparent transfer pricing documentation cannot be overstated. In recent years, tax authorities in Singapore have been placing greater emphasis on transfer pricing compliance to ensure that transactions between related entities are conducted at arm’s length. The Inland Revenue Authority of Singapore (IRAS) has instituted penalties for non-compliance with transfer pricing documentation requirements.

Effective from the Year of Assessment (YA) 2019, the Singaporean tax landscape witnessed a significant development – the introduction of penalties for various non-compliance offences related to transfer pricing documentation. This article delves into the details of these penalties and sheds light on their significance for businesses operating in Singapore.

Understanding transfer pricing documentation

Transfer pricing refers to the pricing of transactions between related entities within a multinational group. The objective of transfer pricing documentation and transfer pricing services in Singapore is to demonstrate that these intercompany transactions are conducted at arm’s length, meaning the terms and conditions of the transactions are consistent with what would have been agreed upon between unrelated parties under similar circumstances.

Transfer pricing documentation typically includes information about the economic analysis, comparability analysis, methodologies used, and supporting documentation that substantiates the arm’s length nature of the transactions. It serves as a crucial tool for tax authorities to assess the appropriateness of intercompany pricing and ensure that multinational entities are not engaging in profit shifting or tax evasion.

Penalties for non-compliance

To ensure compliance with transfer pricing regulations and to discourage practices that could lead to tax avoidance or evasion, Singapore’s IRAS has introduced penalties for non-compliance with transfer pricing documentation requirements. Effective from YA 2019, taxpayers may face penalties for the following offences:

  • Failure to prepare transfer pricing documentation

Taxpayers must ensure that their transfer pricing documentation is prepared in accordance with the prescribed timing and content. This involves conducting a thorough economic and comparability analysis to demonstrate that the intercompany transactions are conducted at arm’s length.

  • Failure to submit transfer pricing documentation

In the event of a request by IRAS, taxpayers are required to submit their transfer pricing documentation within 30 days. This allows tax authorities to assess the documentation and verify the arm’s length nature of the transactions.

  • Failure to retain transfer pricing documentation

It is mandatory for taxpayers to retain their transfer pricing documentation for a minimum of 5 years. This retention period ensures that tax authorities can review and assess the documentation if needed, even after the assessment year has concluded.

  • Provision of false or misleading documentation

Taxpayers must ensure that the information provided in their transfer pricing documentation is accurate and not misleading. Providing false or misleading information can have serious consequences and may result in penalties.

Penalty structure

Taxpayers found guilty of non-compliance with transfer pricing documentation requirements may face fines of up to $10,000. The severity of the penalty highlights the importance that authorities place on accurate and transparent documentation. It also underscores the responsibility of businesses to diligently adhere to transfer pricing regulations to avoid potential financial liabilities and reputational risks.


Businesses operating in Singapore must recognise the significance of accurate and timely transfer pricing documentation. By adhering to the prescribed guidelines, preparing comprehensive documentation, and ensuring compliance with submission and retention requirements, companies can mitigate the risk of penalties and maintain a strong reputation for integrity and compliance in the global marketplace. As transfer pricing regulations continue to evolve, staying informed and proactive is essential for businesses to navigate the complexities of international taxation successfully.

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